Two versions of the story.
Take your pick :o)
Simeon-Ivan Beckbulatovitch 1572-1584. In the Western chronicles he is reflected as the Habsburg ‘Maximillian II’ 1564-1576 according to .
Following the crushing defeat of the oprichnina czarevich Ivan was forced to abdicate. Simeon, the head of Zemschina, a member of the Royal house becomes the czar. He adopts the royal name of Ivan and attempts to continue the Livonian war. But Russia’s strength is exhausted by strife and terror. Simeon-Ivan enjoyed only regional success in the war. The campaign against Germany was postponed. But it never happened.
Simeon is also known under the name of Mstislav, notably he was erroneously dated to the XII century.
Our reconstruction. After the Civil war 1571-1572 the party of the Zakharyins-Romanovs suffers defeat. The executions of the leaders of the Oprichnina in Moscow have begun. The historians call all of this ‘Moscow massacre’ or ‘Moscow affair’ , p.163. At the head of the new oprichnina stand the most noble families, which prior to this were being wiped out. The army-Horde once again comes into power. The Yaroslavtsy-Novgorodtsy stand at the head of the country. The old documents confirm our version: ‘The oprichnina army received the biggest reinforcement in its entire history; more than 500 Novgorodian noblemen joint its ranks… The Czar tried to create a force represented by the Novgorodian oprichniki’ , p.169.
The capital was even transferred to Novgorod for a while. The government was headed by the Tatar khan Simeon Beckbulatovitch, most likely the youngest son of Ivan III, i.e. the uncle of the deceased Ivan IV. In 1575 the young czar Ivan Ivanovich was forced to abdicate. Then Simeon-Ivan was magnificently crowned czar in 1576. It was customary to change the name when crowned to reign in Russia at that time, as the example with Vasily III shows. Simeon is of course a rather elderly man. He is around 70 years old by then.
During this period Moscow virtually ceased being the capital. At first there was an attempt to transfer the capital to Novgorod, where they have already begun, but didn’t complete the building of the Royal Court and a mighty fort , p.169. But then due to some reasons the czar moved to Tver: ‘Having left Moscow, Simeon moved for his ‘great reign’ in Tver', p.205. The historians enclose the words ‘great reign’ in quotes because they dislike that the chronicle informs us about the ‘great’ reign of Simeon’. What about ‘Ivan the Terrible?’ – they say. It cannot be that some Simeon was a Grand Prince when the czar and the Grand Prince ‘Ivan the Terrible’ was still alive! But ‘Ivan the Terrible’, as we are told, in the last years of his reign also turns out to be in Staritsa under Tver with his entire family , p.228. Everything is clear. ‘Ivan the Terrible’ in his later years and khan Simeon is one and the same person.
To sum up. The version of the historians of the period of 1572-1584 is as follows. Tatar Simeon is absurdly vested with overall authority by The ‘Terrible czar Ivan’ who then leaves himself at a loose end.
Our view. Following the return of the Horde dynasty to power, in 1572 the head of the Zemskaya State Duma khan Simeon becomes the sovereign ruler. In 1575 the 22 year old czar Ivan Ivanovich, who had already been stripped of power, was forced to abdicate in favour of Simeon. This is the famous abdication of Ivan the Terrible in 1575 , p.195. The Hordian Khan Simeon acceded to the throne and reigned until 1584.
We know that ‘Ivan the Terrible’ prior to his death was already old and senile. However, Ivan IV was born allegedly in 1530 (in fact in 1526) and at the time of the death of ‘Ivan the Terrible’ in 1584 he would have been 54-58 years old. The historians explain such decrepitude by citing mental disorder. Simeon, the son of Ivan III in 1584 should have been approximately 80 years old. Indeed, Ivan III died in 1505, i.e. 79 years before 1584. Ivan III had several children and it is only Simeon we know nothing about. This is why the notion that Simeon ‘Beckbulatovich’ is the son of Ivan III seems entirely natural.
In truth, the Great Strife of the XVI-XVII cc. was a longstanding civil war. As a result the state system of Russia radically changed at its core. The old Russian-Horde dynasty was destroyed. The coup d’etat was carried out by the representatives of the Western Russian, Pskovian faction of the Romanovs. The coup was supported by the Reformation revolt in the Western Europe. A brand new period in the history of Russia and the world has begun [6v2], ch.1.
The main thing that the Romanovs did was to declare the preceding Russian-Horde dynasty to be ‘unlawful’. The entire Great epoch which lasted nearly three hundred years was denounced as a period of the ‘cruel foreign yoke’ in Russia. They declared their predecessors, the Russia Horde khans, savage barbarians from distant Eastern countries, who had usurped the power of the first ‘Rurikovichs’. The former life of the country under the ‘Mongol conquerors’ was depicted as the epoch of grim violence. On the other hand the Romanovs presented themselves as the ‘restorers of the truly Russian national identity’, which had at last replaced the bloodthirsty ‘foreigners’- Tatars. The Tartar Godunov was declared to be ‘evil’. They said he had butchered a boy.
You have to hand it to them, the Romanovs were smart. In fact they hardly manipulated the historical facts. They simply presented them in a different light. As a result the Russian history of the ‘Mongol’ period was hugely distorted. The remains of the Cossack army Horde = Rat’ scattered during the war and partially pushed aside from the centre to the borders of the Empire, were declared by the Romanovs to be the fugitive surfs. Or ‘the bad folk’ banished for some kind of wrong-doings. The Romanovs’ historians wrote a new history of the ‘evil Horde’ in the light of the social commission dictated by the new masters. The result was perfectly plausible at first glance. However, they didn’t succeed in plastering over everything. That is why today we can restore our true history.
But besides the main strategic task the Romanovs also pursued other aims, smaller, but by no means unimportant to them. Namely:
– To conceal the fact that the Great Strife began not in the XVII century, but in the middle of the XVI century as early as under ‘Ivan the Terrible’. And that the Romanovs were among its main organisers and instigators.
– To prove the legitimacy of their claim to the throne. To do so they presented themselves as the relatives of the last legitimate czar.
– To conceal their participation in the oprichnina and the internecine fighting, dumping all the bloody sins onto ‘the Terrible Czar’. They cover up their involvement in the religious heresy of the Judaizers.
– To trace their ancestry from a kind of ONLY LEGITIMATE WIFE OF THE ‘TERRIBLE CZAR’ – Anastasia ROMANOVA.
It is possible that specifically for this purpose the Romanovs’ historians combined the four czars into one, falsely presenting their wives as the wives of the same person. We would like to remind you that according to the canonical law, after the fourth marriage all wedlock was considered to be unlawful. Thus the marriages of the last of these four czars were wrong, and the children born within them had no rights to the throne, as it were. Then the czar Feodor Ivanovich was declared childless. This was not true. His son, i.e. Boris Fyodorovich ‘Godunov’ the Romanovs declared to be unlawful czar, who did not inherit the throne. This is also not true.”